Xyrem (sodium oxybate)
XYREM is a Central Nervous System (CNS) depressant. In clinical trials at recommended doses, obtundation and clinically significant respiratory depression occurred in XYREM-treated patients. Almost all of the patients who received XYREM during clinical trials in narcolepsy were receiving CNS stimulants.
Xyrem (sodium oxybate) is the sodium salt of gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB). Abuse of GHB, either alone or in combination with other CNS depressants, is associated with CNS adverse reactions, including seizure, respiratory depression, decreases in the level of consciousness, coma, and death.
Because of the risks of CNS depression, abuse, and misuse, XYREM is available only through a restricted distribution program called the XYREM REMS Program, using the central pharmacy that is specially certified. Prescribers and patients must enroll in the program